Armboth, over Thirlmere
The traditional breeding ground of the Golden Eagle in the Lake District and South-West Scotland
"Arni Búð" means Eagle's Booth,
becoming Armboth

Reintroducing Golden Eagles to the English Lake District

A campaign to preserve our heritage!

Aquila Chrysaetos - the Golden Eagle

The Golden Eagles of Armboth

The Golden Eagles of Armboth were so well known to the Vikings that they named Armboth after them, the name Armboth translates from the Old Norse "Arni Búð", which means "Arne's Booth", and 'arne' translates as eagle - giving us "Eagle's Booth"!

Armboth is located on the western shore of Thirlmere, the middle lake of the Lake District, and according to Alfred Wainright MBE, Armboth Fell is the very central fell of the Lake District.

How Armboth became the golden eagle's traditional central breeding ground of the lake district is down to an age-old phenomenon that occurred at the 'thyrel' of the lake, and which was known to the Vikings.

In short, no matter which way the wind blew across Thirlmere, it was deflected into an upwards column of air at the thyrel (from which Thirlmere gets it's name), and because the golden eagles used to soar upon this column of air as though stationary, high in the sky, they could always be seen from afar during mating season - making this the center of their traditional breeding ground!

As such, "Armboth" - the booth of eagles - is high in the sky over Thirmere, at the thyrel, instead of being that placename on the ground that is typically marked on maps!

The loss of the golden eagle from the region is down to English mismanagement of natural resources, who did not properly know about the mysterious phenomenon of Thirlmere's 'thyrel' at Armboth, which was destroyed when Thirlmere was flooded in the 19th century to build a water reservoir to feed the City of Manchester.

If you compare the old photograph of Thirlmere's 'thyrel', below, and compare that with a modern photograph of Thirlmere, you will see that Thirlmere's 'thyrel' is now missing. As the thyrel is missing, so is the constant upwards column of air that the golden eagles relied upon to place them in their mating 'booth', high in the sky, so that they could be seen from afar during mating season!

The last golden eagle, in the region, Eddie, died out just a few years ago.

- 'Eddie the Eagle', RIP circa 2016 (photo)

Thirlmere before 1894, showing the original 'thyrel' - that narrow opening between two lakes! Courtesy Manchester Evening News

Fun fact: Thirlmere is the middle lake in the English Lake district, and Armboth-Over-Thirlmere is the exact center of the Lake District!
Thirlmere today - without her thyrel!

From where the wind blows
to where the wind blows!

  1. Armboth - Thirlmere's 'Eagle Booth' - is located on the western side of the 'thyrel' of Thirlmere.
  2. The thyrel is the narrow passage that separates Thirlmere's northern and southern lakes.
  3. Up until 1894, when Thirlmere was flooded to create a reservoir for the City of Manchester, the result of the thyrel was that no matter which way the wind blew across Thirlmere, the thyrel caused a column of wind to blow straight up, vertically, into the sky!
  4. It was upon this vertical "updraught pillar of wind" that the Golden Eagles in the region used to soar in the same place, as if stationary in the sky - which meant they could be seen from anywhere in the Lake District, and even beyond, to the range of how far eagle's can see, which is thought to be 50 miles and more on a clear day. This extends the significance of Armboth being the center of the golden eagle's breeding territory in the Lake District, to it being the center of a region that even extends well into south-western Scotland!
  5. This made Armboth the center of the breeding ground of the Golden Eagle, being so because from here, the eagles could see the whole of the lakes, and from the whole of the lakes, their mates could see them!
  6. So this is the story of how Armboth got it's name - Armboth is not the place that modern maps show as 'Armboth' on the ground - Armboth is instead that "Eagle Booth" high in the sky above the western precept of Thirlmere's thyrel, that stationary point high in the sky where our golden eagles could be seen to soar!
  7. It is no wonder that the Jacksons of Armboth, who settled at Armboth House sometime before 1600, had three eagle's heads in their coat of arms!
  8. The loss of the thyrel at 'Armboth' means that during mating season, that no golden eagle within a radius of 50 miles and more from Armboth could see their potential mate, and because of that the loss of the thyrel even contributed to the loss of the golden eagle as far away as southern Scotland.
  9. To reverse the extinction of the golden eagle in the lake district - and also to reverse their extinction in regions so far away as southern Scotland from where an eagle-eye could see a mate when in season - the water level of Thirlmere has to be lowered to it's original level so that the thyrel is once again exposed and the column of air upon which the golden eagles can once again soar as if stationary in their 'booth' in the sky, is completely restored!
  10. It is inevitable that the desalination of sea-water will one day become cost efficient in the region as has already happened in other parts of the world, and this means that it is inevitable that the day will come when there is no reason not to lower the waters of Thirlmere and allow the original natives of the land to return to their traditional homelands.
Where are our Golden Eagles?
Campaign to Reintroduce our Golden Eagles now!


This campaign to Reintroduce Golden Eagles to the English Lake District is being conducted by the traditional landowners of Armboth on Thirlmere, who are represented in The Lakes by Count Anthony Jackson-Ossalinsky-Jackson-Harrison.

Count Harrison is the head of the Harrisons of The North, who is both the Jackson and the Ossalinsky heir, and it was his ancestor, the heiress Countess Mary Ossalinsky nee Jackson, who lost Thirlmere to the Manchester Corporation in the nineteenth century, who is sure of the following certainty:

If the original campaign to save Thirlmere had been fought in this century, instead of having been fought in the nineteenth century, then it would have been illegal under current environmental legislation to raise Thirlmere's water level to the level of the current reservoir!

This is because raising the water level of Thirlmere would destroy her thyrel adjacent Armboth, and it is that destruction which actually led to the extinction of the Golden Eagle in the Lake District!

The survival of the Golden Eagle in The Lakes and South-West Scotland depends upon the updraft of the column of wind that is created at the thyrel of Thirlmere, upon which the golden eagles would soar as if stationary in the sky - their "eagle's booth", their 'armboth' - and in being so, being visible to all candidate mates within a 50 mile radius from Armboth, would be able to continue to mate according to their magnificently golden predestiny in the Lake District and beyond.

It is because the thyrel is no longer there that all of the golden eagles in the region diminished in number to extinction.

The purpose of this campaign is four-fold:

  1. To reintroduce Golden Eagles into the English Lake District at Armboth;
  2. To reinforce the success of Scottish campaigns that are reintroducing the golden eagle to Scotland's south-west;
  3. To compel United Utilities Plc to replace Thirlmere with a desalinisation plant on Cumberland's west coast to allow Thirlmere's water level to be reduced to its natural level which in doing so would re-enable the thyrel, which would reactivate the upwards column of air at Armboth, upon which the golden eagles that are reintroduced into the area will be able to soar, re-establishing Armboth as the traditional and continuing center of their breeding territory; and
  4. To facilitate the return of Cumberland's first-nation-aboriginals-of-the-land to Thirlmere, who were expelled from Thirlmere when the reservoir was created in the nineteenth century.


Campaign Heaquarters:

For more information about Count Harrison, please see